The Mausoleum of Galla Placidia
Built in 425-430 C.E., the structure is designed in the shape of a Greek cross, and has a cupola that is entirely in mosaics, representing eight apostles and symbolical figures of doves drinking from a vessel. The other four apostles are represented on the vaults of the transverse arm. Over the door is a representation of Jesus Christ as the Good Shepherd, young, beardless, with flowing hair, and surrounded by sheep. Opposite, there is a subject that is interpreted as representing Saint Lawrence. Thin, translucent panels of stone admit light into the structure through the windows.
The building contains three sarcophagi. The largest is said to have
been that of Galla Placidia, and that her embalmed body was deposited there
in a sitting position, clothed with the imperial mantle. In 1577, however,
the contents of the sarcophagus were accidentally burned. The sarcophagus
to the right is attributed to Emperor Valentinian III or to Galla Placindia's
brother, Emperor Honorius. The one on the left is attributed to Galla Placindia's
husband, Emperor Constantius III.
"Mausoleum of Galla Placidia." Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_Galla_Placidia.
"Mausoleum of Galla Placidia." Great Buildings Online. http://www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Mausoleum_of_Galla_Placidia.html
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|This page was last updated June 22, 2007.|